Cloud computing server in the past and this life

Source: Internet
Author: User
Keywords servers cloud servers cloud computing

There is no such thing as a "cloud server" that can quickly form an industrial scale and be used in practice. "Cloud server" sensitive to capture market demand, only in a short year, many server manufacturers at home and abroad have launched their own products. At present, although the "Cloud computing server" can not be given the exact definition, but compared with the existing general-purpose server, it has a unique feature, from a single faction.

Broadly speaking, cloud computing servers are servers that are suitable for cloud computing applications, such as racks, blades, and so on, unlike general-purpose servers, which focus on applications such as versatility and scalability, the cloud server focuses on saving space, reducing energy consumption and cost. So, born for the cloud, a new type of high-density deployment, energy-saving, easy to manage the characteristics, and the price per node relative to the rack server to be more inexpensive server applications.

First, previous lives of the cloud server

Traditional servers are mainly business-oriented operations and improve the overall performance of the server by increasing the processor clock frequency, instruction set parallelism, and kernel number. Companies represented by Intel and AMD tend to pursue processor performance excessively, ignoring energy efficiency factors such as power consumption, volume, and cost, resulting in lower server energy efficiency and high server size and power consumption.

This provides a condition for the birth of an early cloud server. There is a huge market space in between, on the one hand, to balance between storage and calculation, but also low energy consumption, and cloud server products just fill this space. In 2010, as demand for cloud computing increased rapidly, some vendors saw business opportunities, especially for large cloud computing environments, and in the areas of dense and busy cloud computing ecosystems, such as Web services, social networking, and the use of HyperScale based design, The need for high-density computing performance and lower energy consumption and operating costs.

Second, the first cloud server was born

in fact, as early as March 2010, Dell launched the PowerEdge C-series server. Dell's C-series is the first server to be explicitly positioned in the cloud. Since then, HP's SL scalable servers, IBM's iDataPlex series servers, and the Supermicro SuperServer series are all servers for the new cloud computing domain, all of which can be said to be tailored for cloud computing.

The first vendor to introduce the cloud computing server concept is not Dell. In the case of Poweredgetm C6100, there are four dual-socket server nodes in the 2U rack chassis, which take up less space, lower power and cooling consumption. C6100 is designed for hyper-scale, well-designed building blocks for high-performance cluster computing, WEB 2.0 environments, and cloud builders. The

Power Edge C6100 is designed to have four dual server nodes in a 2U rack chassis, providing the highest density, enabling single node maintainability and hot-swappable 2.5-inch and 3.5-inch hard drives.

In addition, Dell also launched the Power Edge C series, including two rack servers and a PCIe expansion chassis. The C1100 is a dual-slot 1U rack server that provides large-capacity memory and disk storage in 1U profile specifications, C2100 is a dual-socket six-or quad-core 2U rack server, and the PowerEdge c410x supports up to 16 PCIe devices for PCIe expansion chassis.

III, dispel   counting classic cloud servers

from the beginning of 2010 to the end of 2011, many domestic and foreign it vendors have long seen cloud computing will bring significant changes to traditional business opportunities, and to cloud computing investment, not only IBM, HP, The traditional server giants of Dell, as well as Intel's local white-label manufacturers, and even Oracle, Cisco and Huawei Data Services vendors have been killed in the field of cloud computing, the domestic market began to show a melee situation.

Not only did the server vendors push new, but Intel vendors also launched a portable cloud server last year. This ultra-portable cloud server is actually made up of two compact servers, each containing two Xeon processors. Because the entire system contains 4 Xeon processors with 8 core 16 threads, the number of threads that the entire server can execute concurrently reaches 64 threads.

Four, the system structure and advantages of the cloud server

compared with the traditional server, in the traditional server, including processor touch block, storage module, network module, power supply, fan and other devices. The cloud server is concerned with High-performance throughput computing capabilities, focusing on the sum of work over time. Therefore, the cloud server is very different from the traditional server in architecture. On the

architecture, the Cloud server architecture includes the Cloud processor module, the network processing module, the storage processing module and the system components module. The advantage of this architecture is that cloud server can greatly improve the utilization rate, adopt multiple cloud processors to complete system design, and introduce low power management concept to complete the centralized redundancy management of the system, and save a lot of duplicate hardware in the system. The

Cloud server typically includes the sum of all of the calculation of functional units, such as threads, cores, processors, networks, accelerators, and so on. Therefore, cloud computing generally has a large amount of data input or a huge set of work.

In Load balancing, the cloud server adopts load balancing mechanism, which can solve the contradiction of cost, performance, scalability and so on, and can realize the powerful performance which the stand-alone system cannot provide through the relatively lower total cost computer cluster.

in the area of energy saving, cloud server hardware virtualization for the storage module, remove the motherboard is not often used, but very power-related hardware, so that the server structure more streamlined, greatly reduce system consumption.

In service management, cloud servers support cloud services management through the form of management interfaces that provide management.

It is not difficult to see that the cloud server in the design of its own characteristics, towards low-power, small volume and so on.

Five, the engine that drives cloud server development

2011 Cloud Computing to the server market began to have a substantial pull, as a stimulus to domestic demand, enhance the level of local information and adjust the industrial structure of the important means, in 2011 all over the government into the Cloud computing center construction, Whether it is for the High-tech Park Enterprises to provide services to the cloud, or the integration of the Government's internal computing resources of the cloud, or the public service function of the "smart city" level mixed cloud, all pull the overall server market sales growth, product structure further high-end.

IBM, HP and other manufacturers to speed up the cloud computing layout, domestic enterprises also have a striking situation. 2011, the wave of comprehensive cloud computing strategic transformation, the continuous launch of large servers, mass storage, cloud data center operating system and other products, and with Harbin, Ningbo, Hefei, Lanzhou, Ordos, Suqian and other regions of the Government signed a strategic cooperation agreement, to create the Jinan cloud Computing Center, Island E-government Platform, Anhui Radio and television media cloud represents the success of a number of industry cloud projects.

in September 2011, Dawn released Cloud computing strategy, launched cloud infrastructure, cloud management platform, cloud security, cloud storage, cloud services and other products, intensified the urban cloud computing strategy layout, and Chongqing, Wuxi and other cities signed a strategic cooperation agreement, All of these have played an important role in boosting the growth of the dawning cloud server sales. 2012, the dawn of the bid for Beijing Cloud Computing Center, domestic enterprises in the field of cloud computing has been recognized outside.

has two sets of data to see the size of the cloud server in the next 3 years: By 2015, the number of servers used to deploy the public cloud is expected to reach 1.2 million, which will achieve a 21.1% annual composite growth rate; The number of servers used to deploy a private cloud will reach 570,000 units, Annual compound growth rate was 22.4%.

In the long run, with the explosion of Internet procurement growth, as well as the update of the domestic data center, the city's cloud computing platform, cloud computing has moved from the market to a high-speed development period, in this subversive platform competition, cloud computing server is bound to support the platform of the weapon.

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