Mofcom: 09 Import and export of trade in services amounted to USD 286.8 billion

Source: Internet
Author: User
Keywords Year
Tags added business services compared continue development economic export export volume
Xinhua Beijing, April 29, according to the Ministry of Commerce website News, 2009 China's trade in Services import and export volume of 286.8 billion U.S. dollars, down 6% from the previous year.  Among them, the export of 128.6 billion U.S. dollars, down 12.2% per cent, imports 158.2 billion U.S. dollars, 0.1% year-on-year growth, exports and imports ranked fifth and fourth in the world. According to the introduction, the development of China's service trade in the 2009 presents the following main characteristics: First, import and export scale reduction. Affected by the international financial crisis, the import and export of China's service trade decreased by 6% in 2009.  This is the first reduction of the import and export scale of China's service trade since 2001. Second, the trade deficit has increased markedly. In 2009, China's service trade deficit amounted to $29.6 billion trillion, up 1.6 times times from the previous year.  The main deficit industry for transport, proprietary rights and royalties, insurance services and tourism, the reverse balance is 23 billion U.S. dollars, 10.6 billion U.S. dollars, 9.7 billion U.S. dollars and 4 billion dollars. Third, the transport, tourism industry accounted for a further decline. 2009, China's transport services into exports of 70.2 billion U.S. dollars, down 20.9% from the previous year, continue to become China's largest service trade deficit industry, tourism services into the export of 83.4 billion U.S. dollars, the year-on-year growth of 8.3%, the trade balance from the previous year's surplus of 4.69 billion dollars into a deficit of 4 billion U.S. dollars.  Since 2006, Transport and Tourism, the two traditional services trade in services trade in the total import and export of imports and exports, the proportion fell to 53.6% in 2009, less than 2006 7.4%. Four is the exclusive right royalties and the concession fee deficit has widened slightly.  2009, China's exclusive rights to use fees and licensing services exports 400 million U.S. dollars, down 29.9% from the previous year, imports 11.1 billion U.S. dollars, a year-on-year increase of 7.6%, the deficit of 10.7 billion U.S. dollars, a slightly larger than the previous year, for China's second largest service trade deficit after transport services. The export of insurance services and financial services has increased significantly. In 2009, China's insurance service exports to 12.9 billion U.S. dollars, down 8.7% from the previous year. Among them, the export of 1.6 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 15.7% year-on-year, imports 11.3 billion U.S. dollars, down 11.3%, the deficit of 9.7 billion U.S. dollars, down 14.6%.  Financial services into exports of 1.1 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 25% from the previous year, of which, exports of 400 million U.S. dollars, an increase of 27.1%, imports of 700 million U.S. dollars, year-on-year growth of 23.8%, the deficit of 300 million U.S. dollars, a year-on-year increase of 20%. Six, some high value-added industries to achieve growth in service trade, and continue to maintain a surplus. 2009, China's computer and information services exports 6.5 billion U.S. dollars, a year earlier than the same period of 4% growth, imports of 3.2 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 1.1%, the surplus of 3.3 billion U.S. dollars, compared to the previous year increased by 210 million dollars. Advisory imports and exports amounted to 32 billion U.S. dollars, a 1% increase from the previous year, exports 18.6 billion U.S. dollars, the growth of 2.5% per cent, imports 13.4 billion U.S. dollars, the year-on-year decline of 1%;Billion dollars. Vii. Other business services have become the most surplus industries. In 2009, other business services in China were exported at $43.5 billion trillion, down 11.5% from the previous year.  Among them, the export of 24.7 billion U.S. dollars, down 5 year-on-year, imports 18.8 billion U.S. dollars, down 18.7%, the surplus of 5.9 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 3.01 billion U.S. dollars, year-on-year growth of 104.2%, as China's service trade surplus the largest industry. The Ministry of Commerce pointed out that the current development of China's service trade faces more challenges. Economic trade in the major economies has yet to return to pre-crisis levels, with high unemployment and a rise in trade protectionism. China's service sector in general, low service level, the international competitiveness is not strong. Service trade accounted for the low proportion of foreign trade, the development of service trade imbalance, compared with developed countries and the overall level of the world there is a big gap. However, the rapid development of modern science and technology revolution, the world continue to speed up economic restructuring, high-tech content, high value-added services, cross-border transfer further accelerated, the World Service trade Development in an important historical opportunity period.  The CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to the development of China's service trade, issued a series of policy documents, further established the service Industry and service Trade Development of the overall direction and strategic position for China's service Trade Development provides a broad space. At present, the gradual recovery of the world economy has brought strong impetus to the development of trade in services. The International Monetary Fund recently raised the World economic growth forecast to 4.1%. The World Trade Organization (WTO) predicts that global trade in goods will grow by 9.5% in 2010, with developing countries growing at 11% per cent.  With the gradual steady growth of the world economy, trade in goods will re-enter relatively fast development channels, and trade in services is expected to resume growth rapidly. The improvement of international economic and trade environment and the rapid growth of trade in goods will promote the fast recovery of China's service trade. Trade in international transport services, such as dry bulk goods and container transport, will maintain a small growth, and the trade in tourism services will quickly rebound under the impetus of the Shanghai World Expo and Guangzhou Asian Games, and the culture and technology industries with comparative advantages are expected to maintain a fast growth trend.  , the growth potential of other emerging services trade, such as financial services and various intermediary professional services, will be renewed as the mainstay of the growth of trade in services. In the current complex and changeable international and domestic economic environment, vigorously developing service trade, giving full play to the advantages of high value-added service trade, low energy consumption, low pollution, knowledge and labor-intensive, is the objective need to carry out the scientific development concept, transform the mode of economic development, and promote the comprehensive national strength of China is an important way to push our country to realize the leap from trade power to trade power. The Ministry of Commerce will further strengthen its work, with the "transfer mode, Structure" as the main line, with the development of domestic industry, especially the service industry, to adhere to the principle of sphere, domestic and international pay equal attention to enhance the overall coordination of service trade, promote the service trade and goods trade, service trade and services To strengthen communication and coordination with relevant departments and establish and improve trade in servicesPolicy and regulatory system, promote the export of key areas of service, expand exports to promote new areas, support mature industrial technology exports, promote technology imports and introduce digestion and absorption of innovation, improve service trade statistics, promote the system, promote the service trade to promote platform construction, strive to expand the scale of service trade, optimize service trade structure Strive to achieve 2010 years of trade in services imports and exports of total growth of about 10%, the service trade deficit compared with the previous year decreased.
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