Photoshop Deep Resolution Mask Tutorial

Source: Internet
Author: User
Tags delete key transparent color
For the users of Photoshop software, please share the in-depth parsing mask tutorial in detail.
Tutorial Sharing:
PS Four core technology is what?
channels, masks, paths, selections
But many people's understanding of them is still in the initial stage, and do not have a thorough understanding of their specific role,
Before the tutorial, I went through a lot of these tutorials, but only one or two cases to illustrate, and not to fully understand,
Today, I give you a special focus on what the PS mask can do for you.
Whether you are a proficient or a rookie, please read with the greatest patience, I believe this tutorial for you to help a great deal.
What masks are in PS?
Quick Mask Vector Mask clipping mask layer mask
Okay, I'll start with the quick mask:
Definition of a quick mask: The Quick mask mode allows you to edit any selection as a mask without using the channel palette, as well as when viewing an image. The advantage of editing a selection as a mask is that you can use almost any Photoshop tool or filter to modify the mask.
For example, if you create a rectangular selection with the Marquee tool, you can go into Quick mask mode and use a brush to extend or shrink the selection, or you can use filters to distort the selection edges. You can also use the selection tool because the quick mask is not a selection. From the selected area, use the Quick Mask mode to add or subtract from the area to create the mask. In addition, you can create masks entirely in quick mask mode.
Protected and unprotected areas are differentiated in different colors. When you leave the Quick mask mode, the unprotected zone becomes a selection. When working in Quick mask mode, a temporary quick mask channel appears in the Channels palette. However, all of the mask edits are done in the image window.
What is the main use of a quick mask?
Its function is to make a selection by using the color brushes of the black and white gray, the white brush can draw the selected area, the black brush can draw the area not to be chosen, and the gray brush draws the translucent selection area.
The brush draws a line or area, then presses Q, gets a selection and a temporary channel, we can fill or modify the picture and color palette in the selection, and of course the buckle.
Open the material picture, we now use the quick mask to buckle a lotus:

Press the shortcut key Q to enter the Quick Mask status: Apply the Black Brush tool to the Lotus:

Carefully smear to red completely cover the object we want to deduct, press Q to exit Edit:

Then press the DELETE key to delete the background: Lotus success buckle out!

I said, since the quick mask is both a constituency and a temporary channel, what else can we do? Of course it's filter rendering! Do you remember that I sent a tutorial on making a border in the tutorial? And that's the exact same thing!
First use the selection to draw the part you want to keep:

Press Q into the Quick Mask edit state: Perform filters--brush strokes: Splash, here's just an example, you don't have to splash, you can try other artistic effects

Press Q to exit the Quick Mask edit state, and then delete the parts outside the selection: background transparency or opacity is up to you.

Note: Quick masks, mainly for quick processing of the current selection, will not generate additional layers (symbolically color-coded on the artboard), simple and quick. But if you use the quick mask to pull the picture, I also find really do not recommend.
However, for some of the general selection adjustment, or good, such as a quick mask to adjust the local brightness or hue.
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After finishing the quick masks, we started talking about vector masks.
Vector mask definition: vector mask: As the name suggests, it is possible to zoom in or out of the mask.
Vector: Simply, the image that does not affect sharpness by zooming or shrinking. A typical bitmap contains pixels that are distorted when magnified or reduced to a certain degree, while the sharpness of the vector map is unaffected by this operation. Mask: A picture that can be partially masked to an image, and the mask effect can be set by a specific software, which is the equivalent of a drawing of the shape of a storyboard to the masked picture.
What is the main use of vector masks?
A vector mask controls the image display area through a shape, and it can only be used for the current layer.
The shape created in the vector mask is a vector diagram that you can edit with the pen tool and the shape tool to change the mask area or to scale it arbitrarily without worrying about aliasing.
Open the material picture, I continue to use just the lotus to do vector mask to do the demonstration:

Sketch the Lotus shape with the pen tool (the vector mask is naturally related to vector tools such as shapes and pens)

Press F2 to paste the path to the Clipboard, this time the path is not seen, do not worry, and then press Alt+l+v+r shortcut to add a vector mask for the layer:

Click the vector mask, press CTRL + V, and we see that the path is pasted into the vector mask:

is not found in fact we want is the Lotus, but the Lotus did not show it? It doesn't matter: There are four buttons for you to choose from and you are free to choose which part to display.

Are you going to ask, what's so strange about this vector mask? No, just pull the picture out! I'll just have to use the pen tool. So trouble!
Wrong! Pen Tool and quick mask tool you buckle is deducted, but your original image is damaged, and the vector mask can ensure that the original image is not damaged, and you can use the Pen tool to modify the shape at any time: and the shape no matter how much larger, will not be distorted:
It can adjust the shape at will:

Whether you want to add a relief, the outer glow ah, what effect does not affect the shape of the vector changes in the slightest:

What else can a vector mask do? Of course, it's not just for drawing, it can also be used for font design:
Create a new canvas: Ctrl + ' to display the grid.

Press Alt+l+v+r to add a vector mask to a layer: the foreground color determines the colors of your vector shapes.

Put the strokes reasonable place to their favorite position (this is the tutorial of the word, I do not here shortcoming, hehe)

Then use a circle to subtract unwanted places:

Remove the grid, a vector text came out (do word technology to be improved, Hope Master forgive) here is just a demonstration:

Each shape is independent and can be arbitrarily modified with the pen tool, complete vector, there is no distortion problem!
Those who suffer from no CDR, can also use PS to do font design (of course, the most professional tool is the best use of CDR)

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After we've finished with the vector mask, we start with the clipping mask.
Definition of clipping masks: clipping masks and masked objects are initially called cut combinations and marked with dashes in the layers palette.
You can create a clipping combination from a selection that contains two or more objects, or from all objects in a group or layer.
You can use the contents of the above layer to cover the layers underneath it. The transparent pixel of the bottom or base layer covers the layer above it, which is part of the clipping mask.
For example, there might be a shape on one layer, there might be textures on the top layer, and there might be some text on the top layer. If you define these three layers as clipping masks, the textures and text are displayed only through the shapes on the base layer and have the opacity of the base layer. Note that you can only include contiguous layers in a clipping mask. The base layer name in the mask is underlined, and the thumbnail of the upper layer is indented. In addition, overlapping layers display the clipping mask map. The blend of clip layers into group option in the Layer Styles dialog box determines whether the blending mode of the base effect affects the entire group or only the base layer.
What is a clipping mask primarily for?
A clipping mask is an object that can mask other artwork with its shape, so the clipping mask uses a clipping mask, and you see only the areas within the mask shape, which, in effect, crop the artwork to the mask's shape.
For example: Open the material picture, we still use just the Lotus pattern bar (too lazy to find the map)

I want to get this lotus pattern to this mm clothes: here we will use the clipping mask.

First: Use a pen to outline the part you want to add a pattern to:

Ctrl+j, pull out the picture you just pulled out and create a new layer:

Put the Lotus pattern in the right place:

Alt+ctrl+g, creating a clipping mask operation (accelerator key)

Change the blending mode of the lower pattern and adjust the transparency appropriately: complete

Of course, if you do not like this pattern can also change other ah, hehe:

Can a clipping mask be used only to change clothes? Of course not! Whether it is text, a graphic of a separate shape, you can use the clipping mask!
The use of clipping masks for fonts can create many unexpected effects:
After text grid:

Also put the pattern on the top of the font:

Alt+ctrl+g, create a clipping mask operation (shortcut key) Complete:

Regardless of any shape, as long as you want to: what not?

Alt+ctrl+g, create a clipping mask operation (shortcut key):

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A clipping mask can also be used to make some special beams or flowers:

Sketch out a shape with a pen

When you convert to a selection, create a new group for the shape.

Add a new mask for this group (masks are really ubiquitous, too useful)

Create a new layer in group (under Group)

Just now the shape has actually been masked, in order to see it, we fill a transparent color as a reference

You can use whatever tools you need to draw the constituency you want.

Feather below:

Fill in a color you like

Create a new layer, ditto

All four colors are the same as the previous operation

Use this shape to assemble a butterfly.

or a flower.

As long as you can think of, what can not, hehe

Whatever shape you want.

Even this kind of beam is done in this way, do you still find it difficult?

Of course, some text of the special stereo effect is also done with this method, nothing but the change, the color changed to a gradient just

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With the clipping mask finished, let's end with the layer mask.
Note that the layer mask is one of the most commonly used tools in all masks! It's very important! Because it is mainly used to buckle some of the more difficult pictures!
Layer Mask Definition: layer mask is equivalent to a piece of cloth that can make an object transparent, when painted black on the cloth, the object becomes transparent, when the cloth is painted white, the object is displayed, the cloth is painted gray, translucent.
The layer mask is on the current layer, exposing the part you want to expose. Easy to modify. If you use Delete to remove unwanted parts, you will need to reset the picture in the future when you need to adjust it
Because the extra parts have been removed. If you use a mask, you can adjust the mask at any time. Let more or less parts be exposed.
What is a layer mask primarily for?
① It is a special constituency, but it is not intended to manipulate the selection, but rather to protect the selection from being manipulated. At the same time, it can be edited and processed where it is not in the scope of the mask.
The ② mask is a kind of constituency, but it is quite different from a regular constituency. A regular selection shows an operational tendency to process the selected area, whereas the mask, instead, protects the selected area from manipulation and applies operations to areas that are not masked.
In fact, you can say this: first in the PS layer mask can only use black and white and the middle of the transition color (gray).
The black in the mask masks the contents of the current layer, showing the contents of the layer below the current layer, and white in the mask displays the contents of the current layer. The Gray in the mask is translucent, and the layer below the front layer is visible
It has been said that the mask is to use black and white gray to show the state of transparency: this I think a little basic knowledge of the people know:

Put the picture you want to blend on top

After you add a mask to a layer, pull a black and white gradient in the mask

Alt-Click the mask, we can enter the mask edit state, you can observe:

Layer masks are perfect for fusing images. Of course, these examples are the simplest of the layer masks, and the method of making the reflection is the same.

What else can it do? While protecting the image, the object is deducted: it is similar to a vector mask, although a vector mask does not have a transition, and a layer mask retains a semitransparent transition:
Draw the desired shape on the layer with the selection tool, feather:

To add a mask to a layer:

The most powerful feature of a layer mask is to pull it off: Especially the translucent diagram, which many people would say: "The channel is OK, yes."
The biggest advantage of using a layer mask to pull a picture is: as much as possible to retain the translucent parts, the transition is more delicate than the channel!
But the channel in the formation of black and gray at the same time has lost a part of the image, and the Mask of black and gray is directly obscured the image!
Below: I have several cases to illustrate the benefits of layer mask gouging:
Open the Picture: (I guess everyone is afraid to pull the ice) below the ice with a pen to buckle out who will, but the most difficult performance is the transparency of ice, right?

When the layer is unlocked, double-click the layer to generate the layer if the open layer is locked. After Ctrl + A, then CTRL + C copy the layer, then add the layer mask

Alt-click the White mask to enter the mask edit status

Then, in Ctrl + V, paste the layer we just copied into the layer mask: Now you can see that there's a layer in the layer mask

Now it's actually a mask edit state, and we use a pen to pull out the shape of the ice:

After the path is converted to a selection, the selection is reversed and the padding is black (note: It is now populated in masks, not layers)

Click on the layer (we see that the picture has been pulled out)

To see if the ice is being pulled out, let's get a background under the ice and look at the effect:

Do you think it's not ideal? One more layer, it's simple.

Put a little flower in the back and try to see how transparent it is:

Oh, the effect is good?
If you ask me: You this ice is white, good buckle, in case my ice is blue? What about the red one? I call you blue green red, ctrl+shift+u, go color, not OK?
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OK, then I'll use the following glass to do the demonstration!
Glass is really no different from ice, but the following figure is carefully observed, the tablecloth and background color are melted into the cup, which is difficult:

Ditto: Ctrl+a,ctrl+c, after creating a new mask for the layer, press the ALT key to click on the mask and Ctrl + V to paste the layer into the layer mask

Use the Pen tool to deduct the path of the cup in the layer mask:

When you convert to a selection, select it and fill it with black in the layer mask:

Back to the layer, add a background below the layer to observe the Cup:

It seems to be similar, and then copy a layer to see: I changed the blending mode to the "color", I feel that the color effect is not small.

Try to see how transparent the cup is:

This shows that the layer mask is feasible! Especially for the buckle transparent object, very powerful!
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Wedding dress is the same as the deduction method:

Ctrl+a,ctrl+c, after creating a new mask for the layer, press the ALT key to click the mask and Ctrl + V to paste the layer into the layer mask

Use the Pen tool to deduct the path of the person in the layer mask:

When you convert to a selection, select it and fill it with black in the layer mask:

Back to the layer, add a background below the layer to observe: What did you find? We only pull out the transparent part, which is the part of the yarn, and the characters are transparent to the mask.

What to do? Carefully observe the mask, the black part is not exposed, the white part is to be exposed, the problem is obvious.
We found that the character part is not enough "white", that is, the reason for the translucency, white brush Plus white on the line!

The simple truth is, we need the transparent part, let him "Gray", we do not need the transparent place, the whiter the better.

Now click on the layers and see what happens?

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Is the spark not the same? What I said, what we have to learn is its method, not rote memorization.

Can't pull out, how to do? In a Black-and-white constituency. Where can I find a black-and-white constituency? Of course it's the channel! which black and white obviously, we use what channel,
Ctrl+a,ctrl+c, copy Channel

Paste into a layer mask no, you got it?

Is it difficult?

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The layer mask is so simple, it's nothing complicated.
Who said that must use the channel is the master?! Drawing is not about what tools you use, but about the judgments you make about it.
The most important thing is to choose the most appropriate method.
Well, the above information is the details of the detailed in-depth parsing mask tutorial shared by the users of Photoshop's software. Of course, I can not guarantee that all the details, small knitting is only provided to everyone a method, the layer mask of the powerful and more technology needs to be found in the practice, To study, to learn, hope to help everyone.

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